Monday, November 2, 2009

Kersti Yllö's Suggested Readings on Husbands' Violence Against Women

[image above is from here]
What follows is from here.

Wheaton College, Norton, MA, USA

[image of Kersti Yllö is from here]
Kersti Yllö
Research Interests and Activities

Professor Yllö's research focuses on wife abuse, including battering, marital rape, and abuse during pregnancy. She has published a number of articles and books on these issues.Her work has also focused on intervention into violence. She has worked on projects with both Boston Children's Hospital and the U.S. Marine Corps, evaluating the effectiveness of efforts to reduce domestic violence. Her current work focuses on the need for feminist scholarship to more adequately address violence against women of color. She also serves on the editorial boards of several journals including Gender and Society, Journal of Interpersonal Violence, and Violence Abstracts. She is Vice-President of Common Purpose, Massachusetts' largest batterer intervention program.

Selected Publications:

"Gender, Diversity, and Domestic Violence: Expanding the Feminist Framework." In Gelles, R. And D. Loseke (eds.) Contoversies in Family Violence. Sage Publications, 2nd ed. (forthcoming, 2001).

"The Silence Surrounding Sexual Violence: the Challenge Marital Rape Poses for the Duluth Model", in Pence, E. and M. Shepard (eds) Coordinating Community Responses to Domestic Violence: Lessons from Duluth and Beyond. Sage Publications.pp. 223-238 (1999)

"Commentary - Marital Rape: a Social Problem for the 21st Century." Violence Against Women: an International and Interdisciplinary Journal V.5,pp1059-1063. (1999)

"An Interview with Kersti Yllö" in Family Violence Across the Lifespan by O. Barnett et al. Sage Publications, pp. 21-22, (1997)

"Collaboration between Researchers and Activists (with E. Gondolf and J. Campbell) in Out of Darkness: Recent Research in Family Violence. Sage (1997)

"Reflection of a Feminist Family Violence Researcher," in Sollie, D. and L. Leigh (Eds) in Feminism and the Study of Family and Close Relationships , Sage Publications (1994).

"Through A Feminist Lens: Gender, Power and Violence" in Gelles, R. and D. Loseke (Eds), Controversies in Family Violence , Sage Publications, pp. 47-62, (1993).

"Abuse of Pregnant Women and Adverse Birth Outcome," (with Eli Newberger, et al .) Journal of American Medical Association , 267:2370-2372 (May 6, 1992).

"Re-Visions: How the New Scholarship on Women Transforms the College Curriculum," American Behavioral Scientist 32:658-667 (July/August 1989).

"Family Secrets: Teaching about Violence Against Women," Radical Teacher 36:19-22 (December, 1989).

Feminist Perspectives on Wife Abuse. (with M. Bograd) Sage (1988).

Stopping Family Violence: An Agenda of Research Priorities for the Coming Decade. (contributing author with D. Finkelhor and G. Hotaling) Cal: Sage Publication, (1988)

Love Stories: Women, Men and Romance (co-producer with R. Broadman, J. Grady and J. Smith). A CineResearch Production (87 minute documentary film on the social history of intimacy) (1988)

License to Rape: Sexual Abuse of Wives. (with D. Finkelhor) Free Press (1985).

"Marital Rape: A Review of Recent Research" (with D. Finklehor) in Ann Burgess (ed.) Rape and Sexual Assault: A Research Handbook. NY: Garland Press 1984, pp. 145-158.

"The Status of Women, Marital Equality, and Violence Against Wives: A Contextual Analysis." Journal of Family Issues 5:307-320 (Sept., 1984)

"Sexual Equality and Violence Against Wives in American States." Journal of Comparative Family Studies 14:67-86. ( 1983).

"Using a Quantitative Approach in Feminist Research." in Finkelhor, Gelles et al . (eds) The Dark Side of Families: Current Issues in Family Violence Research. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications, 1983, pp. 277-288.

"Interpersonal Violence among Married and Cohabiting Couples," Family Relations , 30:339-347, (July, 1981) with M.A. Straus. (Reprinted in 1983 Family Studies Review Yearbook , Sage Pub).

"Non-marital Cohabitation: Beyond the College Campus." Alternative Lifestyles 1:37-54 (1978).


“Your husband has a right to expect regular sex” and related CRAP like the "Duty Shag"

[image is from here, a site dedicated to bringing to light the problem of men's violence against women in heterosexual marriage and effective means to intervene on such violence. More about this in the next post]

What follows is from a UK white feminist's blog called Too Much To Say For Myself, that I'm now going to link to in the A.R.P. blogroll.

Rape is institutionally reinforced and protected as a practice inside and outside of marriage. The hypothesis of these sorts of arguments are that women, if married to men, are morally obligated to give them head and allow their man to fuck them whenever he feels "it's time". One can only wonder about the higher increase in incidents of marital rape due to drugs like "the little blue pill" and other erection-inducing pharmaceuticals.

Here's a thought: women never owe men sex, ever. Men do not have "the right" to obtain--by any means--sex with or from women. Such entitlements are fucked up and wrong. And any man who thinks women do "owe him sex" or that "I have a right to fuck my wife" is operating out of a rapist mentality founded on old patriarchal laws, some of which are still in effect, which try and render women as the carnal chattel property of men, by State Law and Religious Law. To all men who think you are so entitled: go fuck yourselves.

Read on....

“Your husband has a right to expect regular sex”
October 30, 2009

According to “sex therapist” Tracey Cox, the minute a woman gets that ring on her finger her rights to bodily autonomy go flying out the window.

In her response to a woman who asks:

“Do you believe you should have sex with your husband just because they want to? I’m going through a period where I’ve just gone off sex.

It’s only been six months and I’m sure I’ll come out of it soon but I resent my husband hassling me. I don’t think it’s right to have sex unless I really feel like it.”

Cox says:

“I totally disagree with you – and so do a fair majority of reputable sex therapists. Two people will never have the same desire or timing, even if their sex drives are reasonably matched. But when you said ‘I do’ you said ‘I do’ to sex as well. Sex is part of the bargain if you expect your partner to remain married to you and faithful to you.

Six months is a long time without sex without a good reason not to do it. Your husband has a right to expect regular sex and ‘duty shags’, I’m afraid, are all part of the ‘working at the relationship’ that experts rattle on about.”

Well here’s a short history lesson for Ms Cox, courtesy of Joanna Bourke:

“In Britain, America and Australia until the last decade of the twentieth century, a married woman was legally assumed to have consented to each and every act of vaginal intercourse with her husband. As in ‘Gone with the Wind‘, a husband who forced his wife to have sex was not considered to have ‘raped’ her – even if considerable violence was used. By definition a husband could not rape his wife.

This ‘marital rape exemption’ was commonly attributed to a ruling by Sir Matthew Hale in 1736. According to Hale, a wife gave lifelong consent to sexual intercourse with her husband. Under marriage vows husband and wife became ‘one person under the law’. It was a contract that ’she cannot retract’. Thereafter, as A Treatise on the Law of Domestic Relations (1870) put it, ‘wilfully declining matrimonial intimacy and companionship’ was nothing short of a ‘breach of duty, tending to subvert the true ends of marriage’.

From Joanna Bourke’s: Rape. A History from 1860 to the Present. Chapter 11: The Home

Perhaps Tracey Cox is unaware that the marital rape exemption was done away with in this country in 1992, and that to assert “I do” when reciting the marriage vows no longer equates in law to signing a contract that says “I hereby grant my husband lifelong access to and total control over my vagina”

To quote Susan Brownmiller:

“In the cool judgement of right-thinking women, compulsory sexual intercourse is not a husband’s right in marriage, for such a ‘right’ gives the lie to any concept of equality and human dignity. Consent is better arrived at by husband and wife afresh each time, for if women are to be what we believe we are – equal partners – then intercourse must be construed as an act of mutual desire and not as a wifely ‘duty,’ enforced by the permissible threat of bodily harm or of economic sanctions”

Susan Brownmiller: Against our Will. Men, Women and Rape. Chapter 12: Women Fight Back

Unwanted sex (Cox’s duty shag) = coerced sex = rape, and it has damaging consequences for its victims. Here’s Professor Robin West:

“The will of the married woman who learns to accept routinized rape is no longer ruled by or even connected to her desires. Eventually, her desires are no longer a product of what she enjoys or what she has learned to enjoy. What the victim of routinized rape within marriage does, sexually, is a product not of what the victim wills but of what her attacker demands. As an immediate consequence, her will becomes a function not of her desires but of his desires. Eventually her desires become a function not of her pleasures, but of his pleasures; she wants literally to please him rather than herself because to please herself is too dangerous. The victim of marital rape gains survival, but she sacrifices self-sovereignty. In other words, she sacrifices the ability to control her own will and to determine her own actions, pleasures, and desires, free from external influence. In short, she sacrifices selfhood.”

Robin West: Equality Theory, Marital Rape, and the Promise of the Fourteenth Amendment. (Quoted in Sex Equality: Rape Law by Catharine A. MacKinnon)

Now unlike Tracey Cox I make no pretence to being a “sex therapist”, but for what it’s worth my response to the original letter writer would be:

“If your husband is hassling you for sex when you’ve made it quite clear that you don’t want it, he obviously has no respect whatsoever for your feelings. He does not have a right to expect sex from you, and no right to demand it of you against your own wishes and desires. And if he’s unable to wait until you’re ready for it, or to respect your rights as an individual to have sex on your own terms, then I’d question his suitability to be your life partner. Seriously, you deserve better than this”

Hat-tip to Jennie Rigg for spotting this nonsense.